Hello everyone, I hope you are enjoying thisgarden history unit.
I want to talk to you today about the mid1700s english garden and the different influences that era has on landscapes today and how youcan apply some of the features in a modern-day landscape.
And my name is Katrina Lansman.
In the early 1700s English gardens were influencedby French garden design.
Then, because of political conflicts betweenEngland and France many gardens were destroyed and a new naturalistic approach was developed.
The “new” english gardens involved windingpaths and open lawns.
The English created gardens that utilizedthe existing topography and even included grazing cattle and sheep.
English design really began to capitalizeon numerous views within the landscape.
Remember though, everything was supposed tolook natural, with large rolling lawns, large lakes, and clumps of trees.
But, don’t be fooled, the lakes and clumpsof trees were carefully planned.
The english also included two main structuresin their designs.
Ha-ha’s and follies.
A Ha-ha is a fence to keep cattle or sheepin, but a ditch is dug where the fence gets built so that the fence does not obscure theview of the large lawn.
A folly is a constructed building that isprimarily for decoration or an accent in the landscape A folly would be carefully placed along withthe trees to make sure there was a new view around each wind of a path.
The image on the bottom in the middle isfrom the movie Pride and Prejudice if you are familiar with the scene including the folly.
Examples of these English style gardens areCentral Park in New York City, New York.
Iowa State University’s campus in Ames,IA.
You will find that most universities’ campuseshave a mid 1700s English style and feel.
Fun fact, Iowa State University’s campusand central park were both designed by Frederick Law Olmstead.
If you want to create a design with Mid 1700’sEnglish style influence, you could incorporate a large lawn, informal planting designs, theuse of larger trees, follies, winding paths, and maybe you even let a sheep roam aroundto help keep your lawn trimmed.
Just remember to keep the scale of the designin mind.
Thanks for watching! This has been part of the Online Garden DesignCourse through the Department of Horticulture at Iowa State University.