Hello, my name is Katrina Lansman.
I am a horticulturist and landscape designer.
Welcome to the lecture portion of the OnlineGarden Design Course.
The topic I will be presenting is: Drawingthe design.
In this presentation I will discuss the overviewof the design process and products, the basics of drawing a design, and the different diagramsand drawings such as functional diagrams, the preliminary design, and the master plan.
In the design process beginning with siteanalysis and the client program, next come the functional diagrams, preliminary design and master plan.
The circled process is the focus of this presentation.
So, the basics of drawing the design are:the design is to be drawn in plan view, or birds eye view.
Everything in the plan should be drawn tothe chosen scale.
And as you have learned in the landscape graphicsmodule, circles or plant symbols represent the different plants.
First you need to draw the basemap.
The basemap includes the property line whichis drawn using a dashed line, the outline of the house, driveway, other existing featuresthat you will be keeping in the design, as well as existing plants.
Existing plants have a dot in the center ofthe plant symbol and the proposed plants have a crosshair.
The basemap should also include the borderand title block.
The example above also shows an elevationdrawing but that can be added at the end or the beginning of drawing the design.
Here again is the order in which the diagramsand drawings are done.
Functional diagrams, which includes two steps:bubble diagrams and form composition diagrams followed by a preliminary design, followedby a master plan.
You may want to jump right into a preliminarydesign, but you will benefit from utilizing the functional diagrams first.
So, what are these functional diagrams? What do they do? They are a tool to help you organize the spacein the landscape.
This step is where you utilize the site analysisyou already completed, the clients wants and needs, and the outdoor room concept.
This is when you get to be creative with theway that the landscape is laid out.
The first functional diagram as mentionedbefore is a bubble diagram.
Bubble diagrams are not exact, they only organizethe spaces.
It works best to lay a sheet of tracing paperover your basemap and draw the bubbles on the tracing paper.
You can have many drafts of a bubble diagrambefore you get the organization you think is best.
On the previous slide you may have seen differentarrows and symbols such as the ones in this image, those symbols are used to representand keep track of circulation paths and views while you are organizing the space.
Form compositions are the second step in creatingfunctional diagrams.
This diagram is a little more detailed andshows not only how the space is organized, but how it will be carried out.
Again, this drawing is done on tracing paperover the basemap.
Lines can be drawn and extended out from thecorners of the house and windows to create lines of influence.
The lines can be straight, or angled, or both.
This type of pattern can help you see shapesin the open spaces that you never noticed before.
Again, this diagram shows more details intohow the design will be carried out considering the site elements, design framework, and thedesign theme.
This drawing is an example of drawing thelines of influence.
Once these lines are drawn and extended out,it can be seen where the views and focal points of the landscape will be.
Here is the form composition created fromthe bubble diagram we saw earlier on slide number eight.
The patio and deck now have a more definedshape and even a texture.
The designer has also told us that the privacyscreen indicated on the bubble diagram will be created using a fence and tall shrubs asseen in the form composition.
Just like bubble diagrams, you can createmultiple form compositions.
Here is an example of a curvilinear, rectilinear,and irregular shaped form composition all created from the same bubble diagram.
Each space is organized the same, but thedetails are carried out differently.
Are you drawn to a certain style? Or, maybe your client expressed to you thatthey like a certain style.
Here is another example of two different formcompositions using the same organization and lay out from the bubble diagram.
You want to make sure that your form compositionshave strong lines and defined spaces.
Next is the preliminary design.
Once you have chosen the final bubble diagramand created the final form composition, the preliminary design is when you refine everythingone step further.
Individual plants and plant symbols are added,paths have a clear shape and texture, and color can even be added for the preliminarydesign meeting with the client.
There are three steps of refinement: aestheticrefinement, functional refinement, and spatial refinement.
Aesthetic refinement includes the applicationof landscape design principles such as emphasis and unity.
As well as creating strong bed lines and definitionof each space creating different garden rooms.
Functional refinement includes solutions tothe problems identified on the client program, circulation patterns, the amount of landscapemaintenance, as well as the including landscape preference elements.
Spatial refinement includes considering thethree dimensional attributes such as proportions of spaces.
How does each space feel next to the other? Also, think about including walls ceilings,and floors to create the feeling of different garden rooms.
Plant materials can then be used to reinforcethese spaces.
Here is the preliminary design of the bubblediagram seen earlier on slide 8 and the form composition seen earlier on slide 12.
In showing this preliminary design to a client,they can easily see all the elements incorporated in the design as well as the hardscape detailsand individual plants.
Finally, the master plan.
After the preliminary design meeting, revisionsare made from what you and your client talked about and you can then create the master plan.
The master plan is very graphically detailedand specific, it includes a plant key, a design concept, and the construction details if thereare any.
This is not the same design as shown beforebut this is a great example of a master plan and how it should look with all of the componentssuch as the plant labels, design concept, and plant key.
Reviewing again the order of the design processusing these diagrams and drawings, you have the bubble diagrams, form composition diagrams,the preliminary design, and the master plan.
I also wanted to provide more examples ofeach of these diagrams.
So, here are two bubble diagrams of the sameproperty, where the spaces are organized differently.
Those bubble diagrams were then drawn intotwo different form compositions.
The one on the left is rectilinear and theone on the right is curvilinear.
And finally, here is the preliminary designwhich was then made into the master plan.
This plan does not show the plant key andplant labels that a master plan should have but it is the continuation of the previousbubble diagrams and form compositions.
As you can see, transitioning from the formcomposition to the preliminary and master plan is when the design really comes to life.
It is a clear example of how the plants helpto reinforce the space.
The last portion of this presentation is toshow that functional diagrams can also be drawn in elevation view.
This is less common, but it helps a designerto see scale and imagine what it would be like to stand in the space.
You would not usually show the plan view functionaldiagrams to the client, but if you were sketching up something during your initial meeting,they would most likely enjoy seeing a plan of how you would organize the space.
Another great way to get started on a designor inspired by drawing functional diagrams in elevation view, is by printing out a photoof the house or area, laying trace paper over the top of it, and sketching the materialsin.
This brings me to the conclusion of this presentationon drawing the design.
In summary, this presentation has highlightedthe utilization of functional diagrams, the preliminary design, and the final master plan.
Functional diagrams include two parts: bubblediagrams, and form compositions.
The preliminary design requires three typesof refinement.
And the master plan is the most detailed documentand includes all the information that the client needs.
Lastly, functional diagrams can also be drawnin elevation view.
I hope you have enjoyed this presentationon drawing the design as part of the Iowa State University Department of HorticultureOnline Garden Design Course.